The Tragedy of Macbeth

A tragedy written in 1605 by William Shakespeare

ORDERSTAGEACTSCENECHARACTERLINE
1(stage directions)11[Thunder and lightning. Enter three Witches]
211FIRST WITCHWhen shall we three meet again In thunder, lightning, or in rain?
311SECOND WITCHWhen the hurlyburly's done, When the battle's lost and won.
411THIRD WITCHThat will be ere the set of sun.
511FIRST WITCHWhere the place?
611SECOND WITCHUpon the heath.
711THIRD WITCHThere to meet with Macbeth.
811FIRST WITCHI come, Graymalkin!
911SECOND WITCHPaddock calls.
1011THIRD WITCHAnon.
1111ALLFair is foul, and foul is fair: Hover through the fog and filthy air.
12(stage directions)11[Exeunt] [Alarum within. Enter DUNCAN, MALCOLM, DONALBAIN,] LENNOX, with Attendants, meeting a bleeding Sergeant]
1312DUNCANWhat bloody man is that? He can report, As seemeth by his plight, of the revolt The newest state.
1412MALCOLMThis is the sergeant Who like a good and hardy soldier fought 'Gainst my captivity. Hail, brave friend! Say to the king the knowledge of the broil As thou didst leave it.
1512SERGEANTDoubtful it stood; As two spent swimmers, that do cling together And choke their art. The merciless Macdonwald-- Worthy to be a rebel, for to that The multiplying villanies of nature Do swarm upon him--from the western isles Of kerns and gallowglasses is supplied; And fortune, on his damned quarrel smiling, Show'd like a rebel's whore: but all's too weak: For brave Macbeth--well he deserves that name-- Disdaining fortune, with his brandish'd steel, Which smoked with bloody execution, Like valour's minion carved out his passage Till he faced the slave; Which ne'er shook hands, nor bade farewell to him, Till he unseam'd him from the nave to the chaps, And fix'd his head upon our battlements.
1612DUNCANO valiant cousin! worthy gentleman!
1712SERGEANTAs whence the sun 'gins his reflection Shipwrecking storms and direful thunders break, So from that spring whence comfort seem'd to come Discomfort swells. Mark, king of Scotland, mark: No sooner justice had with valour arm'd Compell'd these skipping kerns to trust their heels, But the Norweyan lord surveying vantage, With furbish'd arms and new supplies of men Began a fresh assault.
1812DUNCANDismay'd not this Our captains, Macbeth and Banquo?
1912SERGEANTYes; As sparrows eagles, or the hare the lion. If I say sooth, I must report they were As cannons overcharged with double cracks, so they Doubly redoubled strokes upon the foe: Except they meant to bathe in reeking wounds, Or memorise another Golgotha, I cannot tell. But I am faint, my gashes cry for help.
2012DUNCANSo well thy words become thee as thy wounds; They smack of honour both. Go get him surgeons. [Exit Sergeant, attended] Who comes here?
21(stage directions)12[Enter ROSS]
2212MALCOLMThe worthy thane of Ross.
2312LENNOXWhat a haste looks through his eyes! So should he look That seems to speak things strange.
2412ROSSGod save the king!
2512DUNCANWhence camest thou, worthy thane?
2612ROSSFrom Fife, great king; Where the Norweyan banners flout the sky And fan our people cold. Norway himself, With terrible numbers, Assisted by that most disloyal traitor The thane of Cawdor, began a dismal conflict; Till that Bellona's bridegroom, lapp'd in proof, Confronted him with self-comparisons, Point against point rebellious, arm 'gainst arm. Curbing his lavish spirit: and, to conclude, The victory fell on us.
2712DUNCANGreat happiness!
2812ROSSThat now Sweno, the Norways' king, craves composition: Nor would we deign him burial of his men Till he disbursed at Saint Colme's inch Ten thousand dollars to our general use.
2912DUNCANNo more that thane of Cawdor shall deceive Our bosom interest: go pronounce his present death, And with his former title greet Macbeth.
3012ROSSI'll see it done.
3112DUNCANWhat he hath lost noble Macbeth hath won.
32(stage directions)12[Exeunt]
33(stage directions)13[Thunder. Enter the three Witches]
3413FIRST WITCHWhere hast thou been, sister?
3513SECOND WITCHKilling swine.
3613THIRD WITCHSister, where thou?
3713FIRST WITCHA sailor's wife had chestnuts in her lap, And munch'd, and munch'd, and munch'd:-- 'Give me,' quoth I: 'Aroint thee, witch!' the rump-fed ronyon cries. Her husband's to Aleppo gone, master o' the Tiger: But in a sieve I'll thither sail, And, like a rat without a tail, I'll do, I'll do, and I'll do.
3813SECOND WITCHI'll give thee a wind.
3913FIRST WITCHThou'rt kind.
4013THIRD WITCHAnd I another.
4113FIRST WITCHI myself have all the other, And the very ports they blow, All the quarters that they know I' the shipman's card. I will drain him dry as hay: Sleep shall neither night nor day Hang upon his pent-house lid; He shall live a man forbid: Weary se'nnights nine times nine Shall he dwindle, peak and pine: Though his bark cannot be lost, Yet it shall be tempest-tost. Look what I have.
4213SECOND WITCHShow me, show me.
4313FIRST WITCHHere I have a pilot's thumb, Wreck'd as homeward he did come.
44(stage directions)13[Drum within]
4513THIRD WITCHA drum, a drum! Macbeth doth come.
4613ALLThe weird sisters, hand in hand, Posters of the sea and land, Thus do go about, about: Thrice to thine and thrice to mine And thrice again, to make up nine. Peace! the charm's wound up.
47(stage directions)13[Enter MACBETH and BANQUO]
4813MACBETHSo foul and fair a day I have not seen.
4913BANQUOHow far is't call'd to Forres? What are these So wither'd and so wild in their attire, That look not like the inhabitants o' the earth, And yet are on't? Live you? or are you aught That man may question? You seem to understand me, By each at once her chappy finger laying Upon her skinny lips: you should be women, And yet your beards forbid me to interpret That you are so.
5013MACBETHSpeak, if you can: what are you?
5113FIRST WITCHAll hail, Macbeth! hail to thee, thane of Glamis!
5213SECOND WITCHAll hail, Macbeth, hail to thee, thane of Cawdor!
5313THIRD WITCHAll hail, Macbeth, thou shalt be king hereafter!
5413BANQUOGood sir, why do you start; and seem to fear Things that do sound so fair? I' the name of truth, Are ye fantastical, or that indeed Which outwardly ye show? My noble partner You greet with present grace and great prediction Of noble having and of royal hope, That he seems rapt withal: to me you speak not. If you can look into the seeds of time, And say which grain will grow and which will not, Speak then to me, who neither beg nor fear Your favours nor your hate.
5513FIRST WITCHHail!
5613SECOND WITCHHail!
5713THIRD WITCHHail!
5813FIRST WITCHLesser than Macbeth, and greater.
5913SECOND WITCHNot so happy, yet much happier.
6013THIRD WITCHThou shalt get kings, though thou be none: So all hail, Macbeth and Banquo!
6113FIRST WITCHBanquo and Macbeth, all hail!
6213MACBETHStay, you imperfect speakers, tell me more: By Sinel's death I know I am thane of Glamis; But how of Cawdor? the thane of Cawdor lives, A prosperous gentleman; and to be king Stands not within the prospect of belief, No more than to be Cawdor. Say from whence You owe this strange intelligence? or why Upon this blasted heath you stop our way With such prophetic greeting? Speak, I charge you.
63(stage directions)13[Witches vanish]
6413BANQUOThe earth hath bubbles, as the water has, And these are of them. Whither are they vanish'd?
6513MACBETHInto the air; and what seem'd corporal melted As breath into the wind. Would they had stay'd!
6613BANQUOWere such things here as we do speak about? Or have we eaten on the insane root That takes the reason prisoner?
6713MACBETHYour children shall be kings.
6813BANQUOYou shall be king.
6913MACBETHAnd thane of Cawdor too: went it not so?
7013BANQUOTo the selfsame tune and words. Who's here?
71(stage directions)13[Enter ROSS and ANGUS]
7213ROSSThe king hath happily received, Macbeth, The news of thy success; and when he reads Thy personal venture in the rebels' fight, His wonders and his praises do contend Which should be thine or his: silenced with that, In viewing o'er the rest o' the selfsame day, He finds thee in the stout Norweyan ranks, Nothing afeard of what thyself didst make, Strange images of death. As thick as hail Came post with post; and every one did bear Thy praises in his kingdom's great defence, And pour'd them down before him.
7313ANGUSWe are sent To give thee from our royal master thanks; Only to herald thee into his sight, Not pay thee.
7413ROSSAnd, for an earnest of a greater honour, He bade me, from him, call thee thane of Cawdor: In which addition, hail, most worthy thane! For it is thine.
7513BANQUOWhat, can the devil speak true?
7613MACBETHThe thane of Cawdor lives: why do you dress me In borrow'd robes?
7713ANGUSWho was the thane lives yet; But under heavy judgment bears that life Which he deserves to lose. Whether he was combined With those of Norway, or did line the rebel With hidden help and vantage, or that with both He labour'd in his country's wreck, I know not; But treasons capital, confess'd and proved, Have overthrown him.
7813MACBETH[Aside] Glamis, and thane of Cawdor! The greatest is behind. [To ROSS and ANGUS] Thanks for your pains. [To BANQUO] Do you not hope your children shall be kings, When those that gave the thane of Cawdor to me Promised no less to them?
7913BANQUOThat trusted home Might yet enkindle you unto the crown, Besides the thane of Cawdor. But 'tis strange: And oftentimes, to win us to our harm, The instruments of darkness tell us truths, Win us with honest trifles, to betray's In deepest consequence. Cousins, a word, I pray you.
8013MACBETH[Aside]. Two truths are told, As happy prologues to the swelling act Of the imperial theme.--I thank you, gentlemen. [Aside] This supernatural soliciting] Cannot be ill, cannot be good: if ill, Why hath it given me earnest of success, Commencing in a truth? I am thane of Cawdor: If good, why do I yield to that suggestion Whose horrid image doth unfix my hair And make my seated heart knock at my ribs, Against the use of nature? Present fears Are less than horrible imaginings: My thought, whose murder yet is but fantastical, Shakes so my single state of man that function Is smother'd in surmise, and nothing is But what is not.
8113BANQUOLook, how our partner's rapt.
8213MACBETH[Aside] If chance will have me king, why, chance may crown me, Without my stir.
8313BANQUONew horrors come upon him, Like our strange garments, cleave not to their mould But with the aid of use.
8413MACBETH[Aside] Come what come may, Time and the hour runs through the roughest day.
8513BANQUOWorthy Macbeth, we stay upon your leisure.
8613MACBETHGive me your favour: my dull brain was wrought With things forgotten. Kind gentlemen, your pains Are register'd where every day I turn The leaf to read them. Let us toward the king. Think upon what hath chanced, and, at more time, The interim having weigh'd it, let us speak Our free hearts each to other.
8713BANQUOVery gladly.
8813MACBETHTill then, enough. Come, friends.
89(stage directions)13[Exeunt]
90(stage directions)14[Flourish. Enter DUNCAN, MALCOLM, DONALBAIN, LENNOX, and Attendants]
9114DUNCANIs execution done on Cawdor? Are not Those in commission yet return'd?
9214MALCOLMMy liege, They are not yet come back. But I have spoke With one that saw him die: who did report That very frankly he confess'd his treasons, Implored your highness' pardon and set forth A deep repentance: nothing in his life Became him like the leaving it; he died As one that had been studied in his death To throw away the dearest thing he owed, As 'twere a careless trifle.
9314DUNCANThere's no art To find the mind's construction in the face: He was a gentleman on whom I built An absolute trust. [Enter MACBETH, BANQUO, ROSS, and ANGUS] O worthiest cousin! The sin of my ingratitude even now Was heavy on me: thou art so far before That swiftest wing of recompense is slow To overtake thee. Would thou hadst less deserved, That the proportion both of thanks and payment Might have been mine! only I have left to say, More is thy due than more than all can pay.
9414MACBETHThe service and the loyalty I owe, In doing it, pays itself. Your highness' part Is to receive our duties; and our duties Are to your throne and state children and servants, Which do but what they should, by doing every thing Safe toward your love and honour.
9514DUNCANWelcome hither: I have begun to plant thee, and will labour To make thee full of growing. Noble Banquo, That hast no less deserved, nor must be known No less to have done so, let me enfold thee And hold thee to my heart.
9614BANQUOThere if I grow, The harvest is your own.
9714DUNCANMy plenteous joys, Wanton in fulness, seek to hide themselves In drops of sorrow. Sons, kinsmen, thanes, And you whose places are the nearest, know We will establish our estate upon Our eldest, Malcolm, whom we name hereafter The Prince of Cumberland; which honour must Not unaccompanied invest him only, But signs of nobleness, like stars, shall shine On all deservers. From hence to Inverness, And bind us further to you.
9814MACBETHThe rest is labour, which is not used for you: I'll be myself the harbinger and make joyful The hearing of my wife with your approach; So humbly take my leave.
9914DUNCANMy worthy Cawdor!
10014MACBETH[Aside] The Prince of Cumberland! that is a step On which I must fall down, or else o'erleap, For in my way it lies. Stars, hide your fires; Let not light see my black and deep desires: The eye wink at the hand; yet let that be, Which the eye fears, when it is done, to see.
101(stage directions)14[Exit]
10214DUNCANTrue, worthy Banquo; he is full so valiant, And in his commendations I am fed; It is a banquet to me. Let's after him, Whose care is gone before to bid us welcome: It is a peerless kinsman.
103(stage directions)14[Flourish. Exeunt]
104(stage directions)15[Enter LADY MACBETH, reading a letter]
10515LADY MACBETH'They met me in the day of success: and I have learned by the perfectest report, they have more in them than mortal knowledge. When I burned in desire to question them further, they made themselves air, into which they vanished. Whiles I stood rapt in the wonder of it, came missives from the king, who all-hailed me 'Thane of Cawdor;' by which title, before, these weird sisters saluted me, and referred me to the coming on of time, with 'Hail, king that shalt be!' This have I thought good to deliver thee, my dearest partner of greatness, that thou mightst not lose the dues of rejoicing, by being ignorant of what greatness is promised thee. Lay it to thy heart, and farewell.' Glamis thou art, and Cawdor; and shalt be What thou art promised: yet do I fear thy nature; It is too full o' the milk of human kindness To catch the nearest way: thou wouldst be great; Art not without ambition, but without The illness should attend it: what thou wouldst highly, That wouldst thou holily; wouldst not play false, And yet wouldst wrongly win: thou'ldst have, great Glamis, That which cries 'Thus thou must do, if thou have it; And that which rather thou dost fear to do Than wishest should be undone.' Hie thee hither, That I may pour my spirits in thine ear; And chastise with the valour of my tongue All that impedes thee from the golden round, Which fate and metaphysical aid doth seem To have thee crown'd withal. [Enter a Messenger] What is your tidings?
10615MESSENGERThe king comes here to-night.
10715LADY MACBETHThou'rt mad to say it: Is not thy master with him? who, were't so, Would have inform'd for preparation.
10815MESSENGERSo please you, it is true: our thane is coming: One of my fellows had the speed of him, Who, almost dead for breath, had scarcely more Than would make up his message.
10915LADY MACBETHGive him tending; He brings great news. [Exit Messenger] The raven himself is hoarse That croaks the fatal entrance of Duncan Under my battlements. Come, you spirits That tend on mortal thoughts, unsex me here, And fill me from the crown to the toe top-full Of direst cruelty! make thick my blood; Stop up the access and passage to remorse, That no compunctious visitings of nature Shake my fell purpose, nor keep peace between The effect and it! Come to my woman's breasts, And take my milk for gall, you murdering ministers, Wherever in your sightless substances You wait on nature's mischief! Come, thick night, And pall thee in the dunnest smoke of hell, That my keen knife see not the wound it makes, Nor heaven peep through the blanket of the dark, To cry 'Hold, hold!' [Enter MACBETH] Great Glamis! worthy Cawdor! Greater than both, by the all-hail hereafter! Thy letters have transported me beyond This ignorant present, and I feel now The future in the instant.
11015MACBETHMy dearest love, Duncan comes here to-night.
11115LADY MACBETHAnd when goes hence?
11215MACBETHTo-morrow, as he purposes.
11315LADY MACBETHO, never Shall sun that morrow see! Your face, my thane, is as a book where men May read strange matters. To beguile the time, Look like the time; bear welcome in your eye, Your hand, your tongue: look like the innocent flower, But be the serpent under't. He that's coming Must be provided for: and you shall put This night's great business into my dispatch; Which shall to all our nights and days to come Give solely sovereign sway and masterdom.
11415MACBETHWe will speak further.
11515LADY MACBETHOnly look up clear; To alter favour ever is to fear: Leave all the rest to me.
116(stage directions)15[Exeunt] [Hautboys and torches. Enter DUNCAN, MALCOLM,] DONALBAIN, BANQUO, LENNOX, MACDUFF, ROSS, ANGUS, and Attendants]
11716DUNCANThis castle hath a pleasant seat; the air Nimbly and sweetly recommends itself Unto our gentle senses.
11816BANQUOThis guest of summer, The temple-haunting martlet, does approve, By his loved mansionry, that the heaven's breath Smells wooingly here: no jutty, frieze, Buttress, nor coign of vantage, but this bird Hath made his pendent bed and procreant cradle: Where they most breed and haunt, I have observed, The air is delicate.
119(stage directions)16[Enter LADY MACBETH]
12016DUNCANSee, see, our honour'd hostess! The love that follows us sometime is our trouble, Which still we thank as love. Herein I teach you How you shall bid God 'ild us for your pains, And thank us for your trouble.
12116LADY MACBETHAll our service In every point twice done and then done double Were poor and single business to contend Against those honours deep and broad wherewith Your majesty loads our house: for those of old, And the late dignities heap'd up to them, We rest your hermits.
12216DUNCANWhere's the thane of Cawdor? We coursed him at the heels, and had a purpose To be his purveyor: but he rides well; And his great love, sharp as his spur, hath holp him To his home before us. Fair and noble hostess, We are your guest to-night.
12316LADY MACBETHYour servants ever Have theirs, themselves and what is theirs, in compt, To make their audit at your highness' pleasure, Still to return your own.
12416DUNCANGive me your hand; Conduct me to mine host: we love him highly, And shall continue our graces towards him. By your leave, hostess.
125(stage directions)16[Exeunt] [Hautboys and torches. Enter a Sewer, and divers] Servants with dishes and service, and pass over the stage. Then enter MACBETH]
12617MACBETHIf it were done when 'tis done, then 'twere well It were done quickly: if the assassination Could trammel up the consequence, and catch With his surcease success; that but this blow Might be the be-all and the end-all here, But here, upon this bank and shoal of time, We'ld jump the life to come. But in these cases We still have judgment here; that we but teach Bloody instructions, which, being taught, return To plague the inventor: this even-handed justice Commends the ingredients of our poison'd chalice To our own lips. He's here in double trust; First, as I am his kinsman and his subject, Strong both against the deed; then, as his host, Who should against his murderer shut the door, Not bear the knife myself. Besides, this Duncan Hath borne his faculties so meek, hath been So clear in his great office, that his virtues Will plead like angels, trumpet-tongued, against The deep damnation of his taking-off; And pity, like a naked new-born babe, Striding the blast, or heaven's cherubim, horsed Upon the sightless couriers of the air, Shall blow the horrid deed in every eye, That tears shall drown the wind. I have no spur To prick the sides of my intent, but only Vaulting ambition, which o'erleaps itself And falls on the other. [Enter LADY MACBETH] How now! what news?
12717LADY MACBETHHe has almost supp'd: why have you left the chamber?
12817MACBETHHath he ask'd for me?
12917LADY MACBETHKnow you not he has?
13017MACBETHWe will proceed no further in this business: He hath honour'd me of late; and I have bought Golden opinions from all sorts of people, Which would be worn now in their newest gloss, Not cast aside so soon.
13117LADY MACBETHWas the hope drunk Wherein you dress'd yourself? hath it slept since? And wakes it now, to look so green and pale At what it did so freely? From this time Such I account thy love. Art thou afeard To be the same in thine own act and valour As thou art in desire? Wouldst thou have that Which thou esteem'st the ornament of life, And live a coward in thine own esteem, Letting 'I dare not' wait upon 'I would,' Like the poor cat i' the adage?
13217MACBETHPrithee, peace: I dare do all that may become a man; Who dares do more is none.
13317LADY MACBETHWhat beast was't, then, That made you break this enterprise to me? When you durst do it, then you were a man; And, to be more than what you were, you would Be so much more the man. Nor time nor place Did then adhere, and yet you would make both: They have made themselves, and that their fitness now Does unmake you. I have given suck, and know How tender 'tis to love the babe that milks me: I would, while it was smiling in my face, Have pluck'd my nipple from his boneless gums, And dash'd the brains out, had I so sworn as you Have done to this.
13417MACBETHIf we should fail?
13517LADY MACBETHWe fail! But screw your courage to the sticking-place, And we'll not fail. When Duncan is asleep-- Whereto the rather shall his day's hard journey Soundly invite him--his two chamberlains Will I with wine and wassail so convince That memory, the warder of the brain, Shall be a fume, and the receipt of reason A limbeck only: when in swinish sleep Their drenched natures lie as in a death, What cannot you and I perform upon The unguarded Duncan? what not put upon His spongy officers, who shall bear the guilt Of our great quell?
13617MACBETHBring forth men-children only; For thy undaunted mettle should compose Nothing but males. Will it not be received, When we have mark'd with blood those sleepy two Of his own chamber and used their very daggers, That they have done't?
13717LADY MACBETHWho dares receive it other, As we shall make our griefs and clamour roar Upon his death?
13817MACBETHI am settled, and bend up Each corporal agent to this terrible feat. Away, and mock the time with fairest show: False face must hide what the false heart doth know.
139(stage directions)17[Exeunt]
140(stage directions)21[Enter BANQUO, and FLEANCE bearing a torch before him]
14121BANQUOHow goes the night, boy?
14221FLEANCEThe moon is down; I have not heard the clock.
14321BANQUOAnd she goes down at twelve.
14421FLEANCEI take't, 'tis later, sir.
14521BANQUOHold, take my sword. There's husbandry in heaven; Their candles are all out. Take thee that too. A heavy summons lies like lead upon me, And yet I would not sleep: merciful powers, Restrain in me the cursed thoughts that nature Gives way to in repose! [Enter MACBETH, and a Servant with a torch] Give me my sword. Who's there?
14621MACBETHA friend.
14721BANQUOWhat, sir, not yet at rest? The king's a-bed: He hath been in unusual pleasure, and Sent forth great largess to your offices. This diamond he greets your wife withal, By the name of most kind hostess; and shut up In measureless content.
14821MACBETHBeing unprepared, Our will became the servant to defect; Which else should free have wrought.
14921BANQUOAll's well. I dreamt last night of the three weird sisters: To you they have show'd some truth.
15021MACBETHI think not of them: Yet, when we can entreat an hour to serve, We would spend it in some words upon that business, If you would grant the time.
15121BANQUOAt your kind'st leisure.
15221MACBETHIf you shall cleave to my consent, when 'tis, It shall make honour for you.
15321BANQUOSo I lose none In seeking to augment it, but still keep My bosom franchised and allegiance clear, I shall be counsell'd.
15421MACBETHGood repose the while!
15521BANQUOThanks, sir: the like to you!
156(stage directions)21[Exeunt BANQUO and FLEANCE]
15721MACBETHGo bid thy mistress, when my drink is ready, She strike upon the bell. Get thee to bed. [Exit Servant] Is this a dagger which I see before me, The handle toward my hand? Come, let me clutch thee. I have thee not, and yet I see thee still. Art thou not, fatal vision, sensible To feeling as to sight? or art thou but A dagger of the mind, a false creation, Proceeding from the heat-oppressed brain? I see thee yet, in form as palpable As this which now I draw. Thou marshall'st me the way that I was going; And such an instrument I was to use. Mine eyes are made the fools o' the other senses, Or else worth all the rest; I see thee still, And on thy blade and dudgeon gouts of blood, Which was not so before. There's no such thing: It is the bloody business which informs Thus to mine eyes. Now o'er the one halfworld Nature seems dead, and wicked dreams abuse The curtain'd sleep; witchcraft celebrates Pale Hecate's offerings, and wither'd murder, Alarum'd by his sentinel, the wolf, Whose howl's his watch, thus with his stealthy pace. With Tarquin's ravishing strides, towards his design Moves like a ghost. Thou sure and firm-set earth, Hear not my steps, which way they walk, for fear Thy very stones prate of my whereabout, And take the present horror from the time, Which now suits with it. Whiles I threat, he lives: Words to the heat of deeds too cold breath gives. [A bell rings] I go, and it is done; the bell invites me. Hear it not, Duncan; for it is a knell That summons thee to heaven or to hell.
158(stage directions)21[Exit]
159(stage directions)22[Enter LADY MACBETH]
16022LADY MACBETHThat which hath made them drunk hath made me bold; What hath quench'd them hath given me fire. Hark! Peace! It was the owl that shriek'd, the fatal bellman, Which gives the stern'st good-night. He is about it: The doors are open; and the surfeited grooms Do mock their charge with snores: I have drugg'd their possets, That death and nature do contend about them, Whether they live or die.
16122MACBETH[Within] Who's there? what, ho!
16222LADY MACBETHAlack, I am afraid they have awaked, And 'tis not done. The attempt and not the deed Confounds us. Hark! I laid their daggers ready; He could not miss 'em. Had he not resembled My father as he slept, I had done't. [Enter MACBETH] My husband!
16322MACBETHI have done the deed. Didst thou not hear a noise?
16422LADY MACBETHI heard the owl scream and the crickets cry. Did not you speak?
16522MACBETHWhen?
16622LADY MACBETHNow.
16722MACBETHAs I descended?
16822LADY MACBETHAy.
16922MACBETHHark! Who lies i' the second chamber?
17022LADY MACBETHDonalbain.
17122MACBETHThis is a sorry sight.
172(stage directions)22[Looking on his hands]
17322LADY MACBETHA foolish thought, to say a sorry sight.
17422MACBETHThere's one did laugh in's sleep, and one cried 'Murder!' That they did wake each other: I stood and heard them: But they did say their prayers, and address'd them Again to sleep.
17522LADY MACBETHThere are two lodged together.
17622MACBETHOne cried 'God bless us!' and 'Amen' the other; As they had seen me with these hangman's hands. Listening their fear, I could not say 'Amen,' When they did say 'God bless us!'
17722LADY MACBETHConsider it not so deeply.
17822MACBETHBut wherefore could not I pronounce 'Amen'? I had most need of blessing, and 'Amen' Stuck in my throat.
17922LADY MACBETHThese deeds must not be thought After these ways; so, it will make us mad.
18022MACBETHMethought I heard a voice cry 'Sleep no more! Macbeth does murder sleep', the innocent sleep, Sleep that knits up the ravell'd sleeve of care, The death of each day's life, sore labour's bath, Balm of hurt minds, great nature's second course, Chief nourisher in life's feast,--
18122LADY MACBETHWhat do you mean?
18222MACBETHStill it cried 'Sleep no more!' to all the house: 'Glamis hath murder'd sleep, and therefore Cawdor Shall sleep no more; Macbeth shall sleep no more.'
18322LADY MACBETHWho was it that thus cried? Why, worthy thane, You do unbend your noble strength, to think So brainsickly of things. Go get some water, And wash this filthy witness from your hand. Why did you bring these daggers from the place? They must lie there: go carry them; and smear The sleepy grooms with blood.
18422MACBETHI'll go no more: I am afraid to think what I have done; Look on't again I dare not.
18522LADY MACBETHInfirm of purpose! Give me the daggers: the sleeping and the dead Are but as pictures: 'tis the eye of childhood That fears a painted devil. If he do bleed, I'll gild the faces of the grooms withal; For it must seem their guilt.
186(stage directions)22[Exit. Knocking within]
18722MACBETHWhence is that knocking? How is't with me, when every noise appals me? What hands are here? ha! they pluck out mine eyes. Will all great Neptune's ocean wash this blood Clean from my hand? No, this my hand will rather The multitudinous seas in incarnadine, Making the green one red.
188(stage directions)22[Re-enter LADY MACBETH]
18922LADY MACBETHMy hands are of your colour; but I shame To wear a heart so white. [Knocking within] I hear a knocking At the south entry: retire we to our chamber; A little water clears us of this deed: How easy is it, then! Your constancy Hath left you unattended. [Knocking within] Hark! more knocking. Get on your nightgown, lest occasion call us, And show us to be watchers. Be not lost So poorly in your thoughts.
19022MACBETHTo know my deed, 'twere best not know myself. [Knocking within] Wake Duncan with thy knocking! I would thou couldst!
191(stage directions)22[Exeunt]
192(stage directions)23[Knocking within. Enter a Porter]
19323PORTERHere's a knocking indeed! If a man were porter of hell-gate, he should have old turning the key. [Knocking within] Knock, knock, knock! Who's there, i' the name of Beelzebub? Here's a farmer, that hanged himself on the expectation of plenty: come in time; have napkins enow about you; here you'll sweat for't. [Knocking within] Knock, knock! Who's there, in the other devil's name? Faith, here's an equivocator, that could swear in both the scales against either scale; who committed treason enough for God's sake, yet could not equivocate to heaven: O, come in, equivocator. [Knocking within] Knock, knock, knock! Who's there? Faith, here's an English tailor come hither, for stealing out of a French hose: come in, tailor; here you may roast your goose. [Knocking within] Knock, knock; never at quiet! What are you? But this place is too cold for hell. I'll devil-porter it no further: I had thought to have let in some of all professions that go the primrose way to the everlasting bonfire. [Knocking within] Anon, anon! I pray you, remember the porter.
194(stage directions)23[Opens the gate]
195(stage directions)23[Enter MACDUFF and LENNOX]
19623MACDUFFWas it so late, friend, ere you went to bed, That you do lie so late?
19723PORTER'Faith sir, we were carousing till the second cock: and drink, sir, is a great provoker of three things.
19823MACDUFFWhat three things does drink especially provoke?
19923PORTERMarry, sir, nose-painting, sleep, and urine. Lechery, sir, it provokes, and unprovokes; it provokes the desire, but it takes away the performance: therefore, much drink may be said to be an equivocator with lechery: it makes him, and it mars him; it sets him on, and it takes him off; it persuades him, and disheartens him; makes him stand to, and not stand to; in conclusion, equivocates him in a sleep, and, giving him the lie, leaves him.
20023MACDUFFI believe drink gave thee the lie last night.
20123PORTERThat it did, sir, i' the very throat on me: but I requited him for his lie; and, I think, being too strong for him, though he took up my legs sometime, yet I made a shift to cast him.
20223MACDUFFIs thy master stirring? [Enter MACBETH] Our knocking has awaked him; here he comes.
20323LENNOXGood morrow, noble sir.
20423MACBETHGood morrow, both.
20523MACDUFFIs the king stirring, worthy thane?
20623MACBETHNot yet.
20723MACDUFFHe did command me to call timely on him: I have almost slipp'd the hour.
20823MACBETHI'll bring you to him.
20923MACDUFFI know this is a joyful trouble to you; But yet 'tis one.
21023MACBETHThe labour we delight in physics pain. This is the door.
21123MACDUFFI'll make so bold to call, For 'tis my limited service.
212(stage directions)23[Exit]
21323LENNOXGoes the king hence to-day?
21423MACBETHHe does: he did appoint so.
21523LENNOXThe night has been unruly: where we lay, Our chimneys were blown down; and, as they say, Lamentings heard i' the air; strange screams of death, And prophesying with accents terrible Of dire combustion and confused events New hatch'd to the woeful time: the obscure bird Clamour'd the livelong night: some say, the earth Was feverous and did shake.
21623MACBETH'Twas a rough night.
21723LENNOXMy young remembrance cannot parallel A fellow to it.
218(stage directions)23[Re-enter MACDUFF]
21923MACDUFFO horror, horror, horror! Tongue nor heart Cannot conceive nor name thee!
22023MACBETH[with Lennox] What's the matter.
22123MACDUFFConfusion now hath made his masterpiece! Most sacrilegious murder hath broke ope The Lord's anointed temple, and stole thence The life o' the building!
22223MACBETHWhat is 't you say? the life?
22323LENNOXMean you his majesty?
22423MACDUFFApproach the chamber, and destroy your sight With a new Gorgon: do not bid me speak; See, and then speak yourselves. [Exeunt MACBETH and LENNOX] Awake, awake! Ring the alarum-bell. Murder and treason! Banquo and Donalbain! Malcolm! awake! Shake off this downy sleep, death's counterfeit, And look on death itself! up, up, and see The great doom's image! Malcolm! Banquo! As from your graves rise up, and walk like sprites, To countenance this horror! Ring the bell.
225(stage directions)23[Bell rings]
226(stage directions)23[Enter LADY MACBETH]
22723LADY MACBETHWhat's the business, That such a hideous trumpet calls to parley The sleepers of the house? speak, speak!
22823MACDUFFO gentle lady, 'Tis not for you to hear what I can speak: The repetition, in a woman's ear, Would murder as it fell. [Enter BANQUO] O Banquo, Banquo, Our royal master 's murder'd!
22923LADY MACBETHWoe, alas! What, in our house?
23023BANQUOToo cruel any where. Dear Duff, I prithee, contradict thyself, And say it is not so.
231(stage directions)23[Re-enter MACBETH and LENNOX, with ROSS]
23223MACBETHHad I but died an hour before this chance, I had lived a blessed time; for, from this instant, There 's nothing serious in mortality: All is but toys: renown and grace is dead; The wine of life is drawn, and the mere lees Is left this vault to brag of.
233(stage directions)23[Enter MALCOLM and DONALBAIN]
23423DONALBAINWhat is amiss?
23523MACBETHYou are, and do not know't: The spring, the head, the fountain of your blood Is stopp'd; the very source of it is stopp'd.
23623MACDUFFYour royal father 's murder'd.
23723MALCOLMO, by whom?
23823LENNOXThose of his chamber, as it seem'd, had done 't: Their hands and faces were an badged with blood; So were their daggers, which unwiped we found Upon their pillows: They stared, and were distracted; no man's life Was to be trusted with them.
23923MACBETHO, yet I do repent me of my fury, That I did kill them.
24023MACDUFFWherefore did you so?
24123MACBETHWho can be wise, amazed, temperate and furious, Loyal and neutral, in a moment? No man: The expedition my violent love Outrun the pauser, reason. Here lay Duncan, His silver skin laced with his golden blood; And his gash'd stabs look'd like a breach in nature For ruin's wasteful entrance: there, the murderers, Steep'd in the colours of their trade, their daggers Unmannerly breech'd with gore: who could refrain, That had a heart to love, and in that heart Courage to make 's love known?
24223LADY MACBETHHelp me hence, ho!
24323MACDUFFLook to the lady.
24423MALCOLM[Aside to DONALBAIN] Why do we hold our tongues, That most may claim this argument for ours?
24523DONALBAIN[Aside to MALCOLM] What should be spoken here, where our fate, Hid in an auger-hole, may rush, and seize us? Let 's away; Our tears are not yet brew'd.
24623MALCOLM[Aside to DONALBAIN] Nor our strong sorrow Upon the foot of motion.
24723BANQUOLook to the lady: [LADY MACBETH is carried out] And when we have our naked frailties hid, That suffer in exposure, let us meet, And question this most bloody piece of work, To know it further. Fears and scruples shake us: In the great hand of God I stand; and thence Against the undivulged pretence I fight Of treasonous malice.
24823MACDUFFAnd so do I.
24923ALLSo all.
25023MACBETHLet's briefly put on manly readiness, And meet i' the hall together.
25123ALLWell contented.
252(stage directions)23[Exeunt all but Malcolm and Donalbain.]
25323MALCOLMWhat will you do? Let's not consort with them: To show an unfelt sorrow is an office Which the false man does easy. I'll to England.
25423DONALBAINTo Ireland, I; our separated fortune Shall keep us both the safer: where we are, There's daggers in men's smiles: the near in blood, The nearer bloody.
25523MALCOLMThis murderous shaft that's shot Hath not yet lighted, and our safest way Is to avoid the aim. Therefore, to horse; And let us not be dainty of leave-taking, But shift away: there's warrant in that theft Which steals itself, when there's no mercy left.
256(stage directions)23[Exeunt]
257(stage directions)24[Enter ROSS and an old Man]
25824OLD MANThreescore and ten I can remember well: Within the volume of which time I have seen Hours dreadful and things strange; but this sore night Hath trifled former knowings.
25924ROSSAh, good father, Thou seest, the heavens, as troubled with man's act, Threaten his bloody stage: by the clock, 'tis day, And yet dark night strangles the travelling lamp: Is't night's predominance, or the day's shame, That darkness does the face of earth entomb, When living light should kiss it?
26024OLD MAN'Tis unnatural, Even like the deed that's done. On Tuesday last, A falcon, towering in her pride of place, Was by a mousing owl hawk'd at and kill'd.
26124ROSSAnd Duncan's horses--a thing most strange and certain-- Beauteous and swift, the minions of their race, Turn'd wild in nature, broke their stalls, flung out, Contending 'gainst obedience, as they would make War with mankind.
26224OLD MAN'Tis said they eat each other.
26324ROSSThey did so, to the amazement of mine eyes That look'd upon't. Here comes the good Macduff. [Enter MACDUFF] How goes the world, sir, now?
26424MACDUFFWhy, see you not?
26524ROSSIs't known who did this more than bloody deed?
26624MACDUFFThose that Macbeth hath slain.
26724ROSSAlas, the day! What good could they pretend?
26824MACDUFFThey were suborn'd: Malcolm and Donalbain, the king's two sons, Are stol'n away and fled; which puts upon them Suspicion of the deed.
26924ROSS'Gainst nature still! Thriftless ambition, that wilt ravin up Thine own life's means! Then 'tis most like The sovereignty will fall upon Macbeth.
27024MACDUFFHe is already named, and gone to Scone To be invested.
27124ROSSWhere is Duncan's body?
27224MACDUFFCarried to Colmekill, The sacred storehouse of his predecessors, And guardian of their bones.
27324ROSSWill you to Scone?
27424MACDUFFNo, cousin, I'll to Fife.
27524ROSSWell, I will thither.
27624MACDUFFWell, may you see things well done there: adieu! Lest our old robes sit easier than our new!
27724ROSSFarewell, father.
27824OLD MANGod's benison go with you; and with those That would make good of bad, and friends of foes!
279(stage directions)24[Exeunt]
280(stage directions)31[Enter BANQUO]
28131BANQUOThou hast it now: king, Cawdor, Glamis, all, As the weird women promised, and, I fear, Thou play'dst most foully for't: yet it was said It should not stand in thy posterity, But that myself should be the root and father Of many kings. If there come truth from them-- As upon thee, Macbeth, their speeches shine-- Why, by the verities on thee made good, May they not be my oracles as well, And set me up in hope? But hush! no more. [Sennet sounded. Enter MACBETH, as king, LADY] MACBETH, as queen, LENNOX, ROSS, Lords, Ladies, and Attendants]
28231MACBETHHere's our chief guest.
28331LADY MACBETHIf he had been forgotten, It had been as a gap in our great feast, And all-thing unbecoming.
28431MACBETHTo-night we hold a solemn supper sir, And I'll request your presence.
28531BANQUOLet your highness Command upon me; to the which my duties Are with a most indissoluble tie For ever knit.
28631MACBETHRide you this afternoon?
28731BANQUOAy, my good lord.
28831MACBETHWe should have else desired your good advice, Which still hath been both grave and prosperous, In this day's council; but we'll take to-morrow. Is't far you ride?
28931BANQUOAs far, my lord, as will fill up the time 'Twixt this and supper: go not my horse the better, I must become a borrower of the night For a dark hour or twain.
29031MACBETHFail not our feast.
29131BANQUOMy lord, I will not.
29231MACBETHWe hear, our bloody cousins are bestow'd In England and in Ireland, not confessing Their cruel parricide, filling their hearers With strange invention: but of that to-morrow, When therewithal we shall have cause of state Craving us jointly. Hie you to horse: adieu, Till you return at night. Goes Fleance with you?
29331BANQUOAy, my good lord: our time does call upon 's.
29431MACBETHI wish your horses swift and sure of foot; And so I do commend you to their backs. Farewell. [Exit BANQUO] Let every man be master of his time Till seven at night: to make society The sweeter welcome, we will keep ourself Till supper-time alone: while then, God be with you! [Exeunt all but MACBETH, and an attendant] Sirrah, a word with you: attend those men Our pleasure?
29531ATTENDANTThey are, my lord, without the palace gate.
29631MACBETHBring them before us. [Exit Attendant] To be thus is nothing; But to be safely thus.--Our fears in Banquo Stick deep; and in his royalty of nature Reigns that which would be fear'd: 'tis much he dares; And, to that dauntless temper of his mind, He hath a wisdom that doth guide his valour To act in safety. There is none but he Whose being I do fear: and, under him, My Genius is rebuked; as, it is said, Mark Antony's was by Caesar. He chid the sisters When first they put the name of king upon me, And bade them speak to him: then prophet-like They hail'd him father to a line of kings: Upon my head they placed a fruitless crown, And put a barren sceptre in my gripe, Thence to be wrench'd with an unlineal hand, No son of mine succeeding. If 't be so, For Banquo's issue have I filed my mind; For them the gracious Duncan have I murder'd; Put rancours in the vessel of my peace Only for them; and mine eternal jewel Given to the common enemy of man, To make them kings, the seed of Banquo kings! Rather than so, come fate into the list. And champion me to the utterance! Who's there! [Re-enter Attendant, with two Murderers] Now go to the door, and stay there till we call. [Exit Attendant] Was it not yesterday we spoke together?
29731FIRST MURDERERIt was, so please your highness.
29831MACBETHWell then, now Have you consider'd of my speeches? Know That it was he in the times past which held you So under fortune, which you thought had been Our innocent self: this I made good to you In our last conference, pass'd in probation with you, How you were borne in hand, how cross'd, the instruments, Who wrought with them, and all things else that might To half a soul and to a notion crazed Say 'Thus did Banquo.'
29931FIRST MURDERERYou made it known to us.
30031MACBETHI did so, and went further, which is now Our point of second meeting. Do you find Your patience so predominant in your nature That you can let this go? Are you so gospell'd To pray for this good man and for his issue, Whose heavy hand hath bow'd you to the grave And beggar'd yours for ever?
30131FIRST MURDERERWe are men, my liege.
30231MACBETHAy, in the catalogue ye go for men; As hounds and greyhounds, mongrels, spaniels, curs, Shoughs, water-rugs and demi-wolves, are clept All by the name of dogs: the valued file Distinguishes the swift, the slow, the subtle, The housekeeper, the hunter, every one According to the gift which bounteous nature Hath in him closed; whereby he does receive Particular addition. from the bill That writes them all alike: and so of men. Now, if you have a station in the file, Not i' the worst rank of manhood, say 't; And I will put that business in your bosoms, Whose execution takes your enemy off, Grapples you to the heart and love of us, Who wear our health but sickly in his life, Which in his death were perfect.
30331SECOND MURDERERI am one, my liege, Whom the vile blows and buffets of the world Have so incensed that I am reckless what I do to spite the world.
30431FIRST MURDERERAnd I another So weary with disasters, tugg'd with fortune, That I would set my lie on any chance, To mend it, or be rid on't.
30531MACBETHBoth of you Know Banquo was your enemy.
30631FIRST MURDERER[with Second Murderer] True, my lord.
30731MACBETHSo is he mine; and in such bloody distance, That every minute of his being thrusts Against my near'st of life: and though I could With barefaced power sweep him from my sight And bid my will avouch it, yet I must not, For certain friends that are both his and mine, Whose loves I may not drop, but wail his fall Who I myself struck down; and thence it is, That I to your assistance do make love, Masking the business from the common eye For sundry weighty reasons.
30831SECOND MURDERERWe shall, my lord, Perform what you command us.
30931FIRST MURDERERThough our lives--
31031MACBETHYour spirits shine through you. Within this hour at most I will advise you where to plant yourselves; Acquaint you with the perfect spy o' the time, The moment on't; for't must be done to-night, And something from the palace; always thought That I require a clearness: and with him-- To leave no rubs nor botches in the work-- Fleance his son, that keeps him company, Whose absence is no less material to me Than is his father's, must embrace the fate Of that dark hour. Resolve yourselves apart: I'll come to you anon.
31131FIRST MURDERER[With Second Murderer] We are resolved, my lord.
31231MACBETHI'll call upon you straight: abide within. [Exeunt Murderers] It is concluded. Banquo, thy soul's flight, If it find heaven, must find it out to-night.
313(stage directions)31[Exit]
314(stage directions)32[Enter LADY MACBETH and a Servant]
31532LADY MACBETHIs Banquo gone from court?
31632SERVANTAy, madam, but returns again to-night.
31732LADY MACBETHSay to the king, I would attend his leisure For a few words.
31832SERVANTMadam, I will.
319(stage directions)32[Exit]
32032LADY MACBETHNought's had, all's spent, Where our desire is got without content: 'Tis safer to be that which we destroy Than by destruction dwell in doubtful joy. [Enter MACBETH] How now, my lord! why do you keep alone, Of sorriest fancies your companions making, Using those thoughts which should indeed have died With them they think on? Things without all remedy Should be without regard: what's done is done.
32132MACBETHWe have scotch'd the snake, not kill'd it: She'll close and be herself, whilst our poor malice Remains in danger of her former tooth. But let the frame of things disjoint, both the worlds suffer, Ere we will eat our meal in fear and sleep In the affliction of these terrible dreams That shake us nightly: better be with the dead, Whom we, to gain our peace, have sent to peace, Than on the torture of the mind to lie In restless ecstasy. Duncan is in his grave; After life's fitful fever he sleeps well; Treason has done his worst: nor steel, nor poison, Malice domestic, foreign levy, nothing, Can touch him further.
32232LADY MACBETHCome on; Gentle my lord, sleek o'er your rugged looks; Be bright and jovial among your guests to-night.
32332MACBETHSo shall I, love; and so, I pray, be you: Let your remembrance apply to Banquo; Present him eminence, both with eye and tongue: Unsafe the while, that we Must lave our honours in these flattering streams, And make our faces vizards to our hearts, Disguising what they are.
32432LADY MACBETHYou must leave this.
32532MACBETHO, full of scorpions is my mind, dear wife! Thou know'st that Banquo, and his Fleance, lives.
32632LADY MACBETHBut in them nature's copy's not eterne.
32732MACBETHThere's comfort yet; they are assailable; Then be thou jocund: ere the bat hath flown His cloister'd flight, ere to black Hecate's summons The shard-borne beetle with his drowsy hums Hath rung night's yawning peal, there shall be done A deed of dreadful note.
32832LADY MACBETHWhat's to be done?
32932MACBETHBe innocent of the knowledge, dearest chuck, Till thou applaud the deed. Come, seeling night, Scarf up the tender eye of pitiful day; And with thy bloody and invisible hand Cancel and tear to pieces that great bond Which keeps me pale! Light thickens; and the crow Makes wing to the rooky wood: Good things of day begin to droop and drowse; While night's black agents to their preys do rouse. Thou marvell'st at my words: but hold thee still; Things bad begun make strong themselves by ill. So, prithee, go with me.
330(stage directions)32[Exeunt]
331(stage directions)33[Enter three Murderers]
33233FIRST MURDERERBut who did bid thee join with us?
33333THIRD MURDERERMacbeth.
33433SECOND MURDERERHe needs not our mistrust, since he delivers Our offices and what we have to do To the direction just.
33533FIRST MURDERERThen stand with us. The west yet glimmers with some streaks of day: Now spurs the lated traveller apace To gain the timely inn; and near approaches The subject of our watch.
33633THIRD MURDERERHark! I hear horses.
33733BANQUO[Within] Give us a light there, ho!
33833SECOND MURDERERThen 'tis he: the rest That are within the note of expectation Already are i' the court.
33933FIRST MURDERERHis horses go about.
34033THIRD MURDERERAlmost a mile: but he does usually, So all men do, from hence to the palace gate Make it their walk.
34133SECOND MURDERERA light, a light!
342(stage directions)33[Enter BANQUO, and FLEANCE with a torch]
34333THIRD MURDERER'Tis he.
34433FIRST MURDERERStand to't.
34533BANQUOIt will be rain to-night.
34633FIRST MURDERERLet it come down.
347(stage directions)33[They set upon BANQUO]
34833BANQUOO, treachery! Fly, good Fleance, fly, fly, fly! Thou mayst revenge. O slave!
349(stage directions)33[Dies. FLEANCE escapes]
35033THIRD MURDERERWho did strike out the light?
35133FIRST MURDERERWast not the way?
35233THIRD MURDERERThere's but one down; the son is fled.
35333SECOND MURDERERWe have lost Best half of our affair.
35433FIRST MURDERERWell, let's away, and say how much is done.
355(stage directions)33[Exeunt] [A banquet prepared. Enter MACBETH, LADY MACBETH,] ROSS, LENNOX, Lords, and Attendants]
35634MACBETHYou know your own degrees; sit down: at first And last the hearty welcome.
35734LORDSThanks to your majesty.
35834MACBETHOurself will mingle with society, And play the humble host. Our hostess keeps her state, but in best time We will require her welcome.
35934LADY MACBETHPronounce it for me, sir, to all our friends; For my heart speaks they are welcome.
360(stage directions)34[First Murderer appears at the door]
36134MACBETHSee, they encounter thee with their hearts' thanks. Both sides are even: here I'll sit i' the midst: Be large in mirth; anon we'll drink a measure The table round. [Approaching the door] There's blood on thy face.
36234FIRST MURDERER'Tis Banquo's then.
36334MACBETH'Tis better thee without than he within. Is he dispatch'd?
36434FIRST MURDERERMy lord, his throat is cut; that I did for him.
36534MACBETHThou art the best o' the cut-throats: yet he's good That did the like for Fleance: if thou didst it, Thou art the nonpareil.
36634FIRST MURDERERMost royal sir, Fleance is 'scaped.
36734MACBETHThen comes my fit again: I had else been perfect, Whole as the marble, founded as the rock, As broad and general as the casing air: But now I am cabin'd, cribb'd, confined, bound in To saucy doubts and fears. But Banquo's safe?
36834FIRST MURDERERAy, my good lord: safe in a ditch he bides, With twenty trenched gashes on his head; The least a death to nature.
36934MACBETHThanks for that: There the grown serpent lies; the worm that's fled Hath nature that in time will venom breed, No teeth for the present. Get thee gone: to-morrow We'll hear, ourselves, again.
370(stage directions)34[Exit Murderer]
37134LADY MACBETHMy royal lord, You do not give the cheer: the feast is sold That is not often vouch'd, while 'tis a-making, 'Tis given with welcome: to feed were best at home; From thence the sauce to meat is ceremony; Meeting were bare without it.
37234MACBETHSweet remembrancer! Now, good digestion wait on appetite, And health on both!
37334LENNOXMay't please your highness sit. [The GHOST OF BANQUO enters, and sits in] MACBETH's place]
37434MACBETHHere had we now our country's honour roof'd, Were the graced person of our Banquo present; Who may I rather challenge for unkindness Than pity for mischance!
37534ROSSHis absence, sir, Lays blame upon his promise. Please't your highness To grace us with your royal company.
37634MACBETHThe table's full.
37734LENNOXHere is a place reserved, sir.
37834MACBETHWhere?
37934LENNOXHere, my good lord. What is't that moves your highness?
38034MACBETHWhich of you have done this?
38134LORDSWhat, my good lord?
38234MACBETHThou canst not say I did it: never shake Thy gory locks at me.
38334ROSSGentlemen, rise: his highness is not well.
38434LADY MACBETHSit, worthy friends: my lord is often thus, And hath been from his youth: pray you, keep seat; The fit is momentary; upon a thought He will again be well: if much you note him, You shall offend him and extend his passion: Feed, and regard him not. Are you a man?
38534MACBETHAy, and a bold one, that dare look on that Which might appal the devil.
38634LADY MACBETHO proper stuff! This is the very painting of your fear: This is the air-drawn dagger which, you said, Led you to Duncan. O, these flaws and starts, Impostors to true fear, would well become A woman's story at a winter's fire, Authorized by her grandam. Shame itself! Why do you make such faces? When all's done, You look but on a stool.
38734MACBETHPrithee, see there! behold! look! lo! how say you? Why, what care I? If thou canst nod, speak too. If charnel-houses and our graves must send Those that we bury back, our monuments Shall be the maws of kites.
388(stage directions)34[GHOST OF BANQUO vanishes]
38934LADY MACBETHWhat, quite unmann'd in folly?
39034MACBETHIf I stand here, I saw him.
39134LADY MACBETHFie, for shame!
39234MACBETHBlood hath been shed ere now, i' the olden time, Ere human statute purged the gentle weal; Ay, and since too, murders have been perform'd Too terrible for the ear: the times have been, That, when the brains were out, the man would die, And there an end; but now they rise again, With twenty mortal murders on their crowns, And push us from our stools: this is more strange Than such a murder is.
39334LADY MACBETHMy worthy lord, Your noble friends do lack you.
39434MACBETHI do forget. Do not muse at me, my most worthy friends, I have a strange infirmity, which is nothing To those that know me. Come, love and health to all; Then I'll sit down. Give me some wine; fill full. I drink to the general joy o' the whole table, And to our dear friend Banquo, whom we miss; Would he were here! to all, and him, we thirst, And all to all.
39534LORDSOur duties, and the pledge.
396(stage directions)34[Re-enter GHOST OF BANQUO]
39734MACBETHAvaunt! and quit my sight! let the earth hide thee! Thy bones are marrowless, thy blood is cold; Thou hast no speculation in those eyes Which thou dost glare with!
39834LADY MACBETHThink of this, good peers, But as a thing of custom: 'tis no other; Only it spoils the pleasure of the time.
39934MACBETHWhat man dare, I dare: Approach thou like the rugged Russian bear, The arm'd rhinoceros, or the Hyrcan tiger; Take any shape but that, and my firm nerves Shall never tremble: or be alive again, And dare me to the desert with thy sword; If trembling I inhabit then, protest me The baby of a girl. Hence, horrible shadow! Unreal mockery, hence! [GHOST OF BANQUO vanishes] Why, so: being gone, I am a man again. Pray you, sit still.
40034LADY MACBETHYou have displaced the mirth, broke the good meeting, With most admired disorder.
40134MACBETHCan such things be, And overcome us like a summer's cloud, Without our special wonder? You make me strange Even to the disposition that I owe, When now I think you can behold such sights, And keep the natural ruby of your cheeks, When mine is blanched with fear.
40234ROSSWhat sights, my lord?
40334LADY MACBETHI pray you, speak not; he grows worse and worse; Question enrages him. At once, good night: Stand not upon the order of your going, But go at once.
40434LENNOXGood night; and better health Attend his majesty!
40534LADY MACBETHA kind good night to all!
406(stage directions)34[Exeunt all but MACBETH and LADY MACBETH]
40734MACBETHIt will have blood; they say, blood will have blood: Stones have been known to move and trees to speak; Augurs and understood relations have By magot-pies and choughs and rooks brought forth The secret'st man of blood. What is the night?
40834LADY MACBETHAlmost at odds with morning, which is which.
40934MACBETHHow say'st thou, that Macduff denies his person At our great bidding?
41034LADY MACBETHDid you send to him, sir?
41134MACBETHI hear it by the way; but I will send: There's not a one of them but in his house I keep a servant fee'd. I will to-morrow, And betimes I will, to the weird sisters: More shall they speak; for now I am bent to know, By the worst means, the worst. For mine own good, All causes shall give way: I am in blood Stepp'd in so far that, should I wade no more, Returning were as tedious as go o'er: Strange things I have in head, that will to hand; Which must be acted ere they may be scann'd.
41234LADY MACBETHYou lack the season of all natures, sleep.
41334MACBETHCome, we'll to sleep. My strange and self-abuse Is the initiate fear that wants hard use: We are yet but young in deed.
414(stage directions)34[Exeunt]
415(stage directions)35[Thunder. Enter the three Witches meeting HECATE]
41635FIRST WITCHWhy, how now, Hecate! you look angerly.
41735HECATEHave I not reason, beldams as you are, Saucy and overbold? How did you dare To trade and traffic with Macbeth In riddles and affairs of death; And I, the mistress of your charms, The close contriver of all harms, Was never call'd to bear my part, Or show the glory of our art? And, which is worse, all you have done Hath been but for a wayward son, Spiteful and wrathful, who, as others do, Loves for his own ends, not for you. But make amends now: get you gone, And at the pit of Acheron Meet me i' the morning: thither he Will come to know his destiny: Your vessels and your spells provide, Your charms and every thing beside. I am for the air; this night I'll spend Unto a dismal and a fatal end: Great business must be wrought ere noon: Upon the corner of the moon There hangs a vaporous drop profound; I'll catch it ere it come to ground: And that distill'd by magic sleights Shall raise such artificial sprites As by the strength of their illusion Shall draw him on to his confusion: He shall spurn fate, scorn death, and bear He hopes 'bove wisdom, grace and fear: And you all know, security Is mortals' chiefest enemy. [Music and a song within: 'Come away, come away,' &c] Hark! I am call'd; my little spirit, see, Sits in a foggy cloud, and stays for me.
418(stage directions)35[Exit]
41935FIRST WITCHCome, let's make haste; she'll soon be back again.
420(stage directions)35[Exeunt]
421(stage directions)36[Enter LENNOX and another Lord]
42236LENNOXMy former speeches have but hit your thoughts, Which can interpret further: only, I say, Things have been strangely borne. The gracious Duncan Was pitied of Macbeth: marry, he was dead: And the right-valiant Banquo walk'd too late; Whom, you may say, if't please you, Fleance kill'd, For Fleance fled: men must not walk too late. Who cannot want the thought how monstrous It was for Malcolm and for Donalbain To kill their gracious father? damned fact! How it did grieve Macbeth! did he not straight In pious rage the two delinquents tear, That were the slaves of drink and thralls of sleep? Was not that nobly done? Ay, and wisely too; For 'twould have anger'd any heart alive To hear the men deny't. So that, I say, He has borne all things well: and I do think That had he Duncan's sons under his key-- As, an't please heaven, he shall not--they should find What 'twere to kill a father; so should Fleance. But, peace! for from broad words and 'cause he fail'd His presence at the tyrant's feast, I hear Macduff lives in disgrace: sir, can you tell Where he bestows himself?
42336LORDThe son of Duncan, From whom this tyrant holds the due of birth Lives in the English court, and is received Of the most pious Edward with such grace That the malevolence of fortune nothing Takes from his high respect: thither Macduff Is gone to pray the holy king, upon his aid To wake Northumberland and warlike Siward: That, by the help of these--with Him above To ratify the work--we may again Give to our tables meat, sleep to our nights, Free from our feasts and banquets bloody knives, Do faithful homage and receive free honours: All which we pine for now: and this report Hath so exasperate the king that he Prepares for some attempt of war.
42436LENNOXSent he to Macduff?
42536LORDHe did: and with an absolute 'Sir, not I,' The cloudy messenger turns me his back, And hums, as who should say 'You'll rue the time That clogs me with this answer.'
42636LENNOXAnd that well might Advise him to a caution, to hold what distance His wisdom can provide. Some holy angel Fly to the court of England and unfold His message ere he come, that a swift blessing May soon return to this our suffering country Under a hand accursed!
42736LORDI'll send my prayers with him.
428(stage directions)36[Exeunt]
429(stage directions)41[Thunder. Enter the three Witches]
43041FIRST WITCHThrice the brinded cat hath mew'd.
43141SECOND WITCHThrice and once the hedge-pig whined.
43241THIRD WITCHHarpier cries 'Tis time, 'tis time.
43341FIRST WITCHRound about the cauldron go; In the poison'd entrails throw. Toad, that under cold stone Days and nights has thirty-one Swelter'd venom sleeping got, Boil thou first i' the charmed pot.
43441ALLDouble, double toil and trouble; Fire burn, and cauldron bubble.
43541SECOND WITCHFillet of a fenny snake, In the cauldron boil and bake; Eye of newt and toe of frog, Wool of bat and tongue of dog, Adder's fork and blind-worm's sting, Lizard's leg and owlet's wing, For a charm of powerful trouble, Like a hell-broth boil and bubble.
43641ALLDouble, double toil and trouble; Fire burn and cauldron bubble.
43741THIRD WITCHScale of dragon, tooth of wolf, Witches' mummy, maw and gulf Of the ravin'd salt-sea shark, Root of hemlock digg'd i' the dark, Liver of blaspheming Jew, Gall of goat, and slips of yew Silver'd in the moon's eclipse, Nose of Turk and Tartar's lips, Finger of birth-strangled babe Ditch-deliver'd by a drab, Make the gruel thick and slab: Add thereto a tiger's chaudron, For the ingredients of our cauldron.
43841ALLDouble, double toil and trouble; Fire burn and cauldron bubble.
43941SECOND WITCHCool it with a baboon's blood, Then the charm is firm and good.
440(stage directions)41[Enter HECATE to the other three Witches]
44141HECATEO well done! I commend your pains; And every one shall share i' the gains; And now about the cauldron sing, Live elves and fairies in a ring, Enchanting all that you put in.
442(stage directions)41[Music and a song: 'Black spirits,' &c]
443(stage directions)41[HECATE retires]
44441SECOND WITCHBy the pricking of my thumbs, Something wicked this way comes. Open, locks, Whoever knocks!
445(stage directions)41[Enter MACBETH]
44641MACBETHHow now, you secret, black, and midnight hags! What is't you do?
44741ALLA deed without a name.
44841MACBETHI conjure you, by that which you profess, Howe'er you come to know it, answer me: Though you untie the winds and let them fight Against the churches; though the yesty waves Confound and swallow navigation up; Though bladed corn be lodged and trees blown down; Though castles topple on their warders' heads; Though palaces and pyramids do slope Their heads to their foundations; though the treasure Of nature's germens tumble all together, Even till destruction sicken; answer me To what I ask you.
44941FIRST WITCHSpeak.
45041SECOND WITCHDemand.
45141THIRD WITCHWe'll answer.
45241FIRST WITCHSay, if thou'dst rather hear it from our mouths, Or from our masters?
45341MACBETHCall 'em; let me see 'em.
45441FIRST WITCHPour in sow's blood, that hath eaten Her nine farrow; grease that's sweaten From the murderer's gibbet throw Into the flame.
45541ALLCome, high or low; Thyself and office deftly show!
456(stage directions)41[Thunder. First Apparition: an armed Head]
45741MACBETHTell me, thou unknown power,--
45841FIRST WITCHHe knows thy thought: Hear his speech, but say thou nought.
45941FIRST APPARITIONMacbeth! Macbeth! Macbeth! beware Macduff; Beware the thane of Fife. Dismiss me. Enough.
460(stage directions)41[Descends]
46141MACBETHWhate'er thou art, for thy good caution, thanks; Thou hast harp'd my fear aright: but one word more,--
46241FIRST WITCHHe will not be commanded: here's another, More potent than the first.
463(stage directions)41[Thunder. Second Apparition: A bloody Child]
46441SECOND APPARITIONMacbeth! Macbeth! Macbeth!
46541MACBETHHad I three ears, I'ld hear thee.
46641SECOND APPARITIONBe bloody, bold, and resolute; laugh to scorn The power of man, for none of woman born Shall harm Macbeth.
467(stage directions)41[Descends]
46841MACBETHThen live, Macduff: what need I fear of thee? But yet I'll make assurance double sure, And take a bond of fate: thou shalt not live; That I may tell pale-hearted fear it lies, And sleep in spite of thunder. [Thunder. Third Apparition: a Child crowned, with a tree in his hand] What is this That rises like the issue of a king, And wears upon his baby-brow the round And top of sovereignty?
46941ALLListen, but speak not to't.
47041THIRD APPARITIONBe lion-mettled, proud; and take no care Who chafes, who frets, or where conspirers are: Macbeth shall never vanquish'd be until Great Birnam wood to high Dunsinane hill Shall come against him.
471(stage directions)41[Descends]
47241MACBETHThat will never be Who can impress the forest, bid the tree Unfix his earth-bound root? Sweet bodements! good! Rebellion's head, rise never till the wood Of Birnam rise, and our high-placed Macbeth Shall live the lease of nature, pay his breath To time and mortal custom. Yet my heart Throbs to know one thing: tell me, if your art Can tell so much: shall Banquo's issue ever Reign in this kingdom?
47341ALLSeek to know no more.
47441MACBETHI will be satisfied: deny me this, And an eternal curse fall on you! Let me know. Why sinks that cauldron? and what noise is this?
475(stage directions)41[Hautboys]
47641FIRST WITCHShow!
47741SECOND WITCHShow!
47841THIRD WITCHShow!
47941ALLShow his eyes, and grieve his heart; Come like shadows, so depart! [A show of Eight Kings, the last with a glass in] his hand; GHOST OF BANQUO following]
48041MACBETHThou art too like the spirit of Banquo: down! Thy crown does sear mine eye-balls. And thy hair, Thou other gold-bound brow, is like the first. A third is like the former. Filthy hags! Why do you show me this? A fourth! Start, eyes! What, will the line stretch out to the crack of doom? Another yet! A seventh! I'll see no more: And yet the eighth appears, who bears a glass Which shows me many more; and some I see That two-fold balls and treble scepters carry: Horrible sight! Now, I see, 'tis true; For the blood-bolter'd Banquo smiles upon me, And points at them for his. [Apparitions vanish] What, is this so?
48141FIRST WITCHAy, sir, all this is so: but why Stands Macbeth thus amazedly? Come, sisters, cheer we up his sprites, And show the best of our delights: I'll charm the air to give a sound, While you perform your antic round: That this great king may kindly say, Our duties did his welcome pay.
482(stage directions)41[Music. The witches dance and then vanish, with HECATE]
48341MACBETHWhere are they? Gone? Let this pernicious hour Stand aye accursed in the calendar! Come in, without there!
484(stage directions)41[Enter LENNOX]
48541LENNOXWhat's your grace's will?
48641MACBETHSaw you the weird sisters?
48741LENNOXNo, my lord.
48841MACBETHCame they not by you?
48941LENNOXNo, indeed, my lord.
49041MACBETHInfected be the air whereon they ride; And damn'd all those that trust them! I did hear The galloping of horse: who was't came by?
49141LENNOX'Tis two or three, my lord, that bring you word Macduff is fled to England.
49241MACBETHFled to England!
49341LENNOXAy, my good lord.
49441MACBETHTime, thou anticipatest my dread exploits: The flighty purpose never is o'ertook Unless the deed go with it; from this moment The very firstlings of my heart shall be The firstlings of my hand. And even now, To crown my thoughts with acts, be it thought and done: The castle of Macduff I will surprise; Seize upon Fife; give to the edge o' the sword His wife, his babes, and all unfortunate souls That trace him in his line. No boasting like a fool; This deed I'll do before this purpose cool. But no more sights!--Where are these gentlemen? Come, bring me where they are.
495(stage directions)41[Exeunt]
496(stage directions)42[Enter LADY MACDUFF, her Son, and ROSS]
49742LADY MACDUFFWhat had he done, to make him fly the land?
49842ROSSYou must have patience, madam.
49942LADY MACDUFFHe had none: His flight was madness: when our actions do not, Our fears do make us traitors.
50042ROSSYou know not Whether it was his wisdom or his fear.
50142LADY MACDUFFWisdom! to leave his wife, to leave his babes, His mansion and his titles in a place From whence himself does fly? He loves us not; He wants the natural touch: for the poor wren, The most diminutive of birds, will fight, Her young ones in her nest, against the owl. All is the fear and nothing is the love; As little is the wisdom, where the flight So runs against all reason.
50242ROSSMy dearest coz, I pray you, school yourself: but for your husband, He is noble, wise, judicious, and best knows The fits o' the season. I dare not speak much further; But cruel are the times, when we are traitors And do not know ourselves, when we hold rumour From what we fear, yet know not what we fear, But float upon a wild and violent sea Each way and move. I take my leave of you: Shall not be long but I'll be here again: Things at the worst will cease, or else climb upward To what they were before. My pretty cousin, Blessing upon you!
50342LADY MACDUFFFather'd he is, and yet he's fatherless.
50442ROSSI am so much a fool, should I stay longer, It would be my disgrace and your discomfort: I take my leave at once.
505(stage directions)42[Exit]
50642LADY MACDUFFSirrah, your father's dead; And what will you do now? How will you live?
50742SONAs birds do, mother.
50842LADY MACDUFFWhat, with worms and flies?
50942SONWith what I get, I mean; and so do they.
51042LADY MACDUFFPoor bird! thou'ldst never fear the net nor lime, The pitfall nor the gin.
51142SONWhy should I, mother? Poor birds they are not set for. My father is not dead, for all your saying.
51242LADY MACDUFFYes, he is dead; how wilt thou do for a father?
51342SONNay, how will you do for a husband?
51442LADY MACDUFFWhy, I can buy me twenty at any market.
51542SONThen you'll buy 'em to sell again.
51642LADY MACDUFFThou speak'st with all thy wit: and yet, i' faith, With wit enough for thee.
51742SONWas my father a traitor, mother?
51842LADY MACDUFFAy, that he was.
51942SONWhat is a traitor?
52042LADY MACDUFFWhy, one that swears and lies.
52142SONAnd be all traitors that do so?
52242LADY MACDUFFEvery one that does so is a traitor, and must be hanged.
52342SONAnd must they all be hanged that swear and lie?
52442LADY MACDUFFEvery one.
52542SONWho must hang them?
52642LADY MACDUFFWhy, the honest men.
52742SONThen the liars and swearers are fools, for there are liars and swearers enow to beat the honest men and hang up them.
52842LADY MACDUFFNow, God help thee, poor monkey! But how wilt thou do for a father?
52942SONIf he were dead, you'ld weep for him: if you would not, it were a good sign that I should quickly have a new father.
53042LADY MACDUFFPoor prattler, how thou talk'st!
531(stage directions)42[Enter a Messenger]
53242MESSENGERBless you, fair dame! I am not to you known, Though in your state of honour I am perfect. I doubt some danger does approach you nearly: If you will take a homely man's advice, Be not found here; hence, with your little ones. To fright you thus, methinks, I am too savage; To do worse to you were fell cruelty, Which is too nigh your person. Heaven preserve you! I dare abide no longer.
533(stage directions)42[Exit]
53442LADY MACDUFFWhither should I fly? I have done no harm. But I remember now I am in this earthly world; where to do harm Is often laudable, to do good sometime Accounted dangerous folly: why then, alas, Do I put up that womanly defence, To say I have done no harm? [Enter Murderers] What are these faces?
53542FIRST MURDERERWhere is your husband?
53642LADY MACDUFFI hope, in no place so unsanctified Where such as thou mayst find him.
53742FIRST MURDERERHe's a traitor.
53842SONThou liest, thou shag-hair'd villain!
53942FIRST MURDERERWhat, you egg! [Stabbing him] Young fry of treachery!
54042SONHe has kill'd me, mother: Run away, I pray you! [Dies] [Exit LADY MACDUFF, crying 'Murder!' Exeunt] Murderers, following her]
541(stage directions)43[Enter MALCOLM and MACDUFF]
54243MALCOLMLet us seek out some desolate shade, and there Weep our sad bosoms empty.
54343MACDUFFLet us rather Hold fast the mortal sword, and like good men Bestride our down-fall'n birthdom: each new morn New widows howl, new orphans cry, new sorrows Strike heaven on the face, that it resounds As if it felt with Scotland and yell'd out Like syllable of dolour.
54443MALCOLMWhat I believe I'll wail, What know believe, and what I can redress, As I shall find the time to friend, I will. What you have spoke, it may be so perchance. This tyrant, whose sole name blisters our tongues, Was once thought honest: you have loved him well. He hath not touch'd you yet. I am young; but something You may deserve of him through me, and wisdom To offer up a weak poor innocent lamb To appease an angry god.
54543MACDUFFI am not treacherous.
54643MALCOLMBut Macbeth is. A good and virtuous nature may recoil In an imperial charge. But I shall crave your pardon; That which you are my thoughts cannot transpose: Angels are bright still, though the brightest fell; Though all things foul would wear the brows of grace, Yet grace must still look so.
54743MACDUFFI have lost my hopes.
54843MALCOLMPerchance even there where I did find my doubts. Why in that rawness left you wife and child, Those precious motives, those strong knots of love, Without leave-taking? I pray you, Let not my jealousies be your dishonours, But mine own safeties. You may be rightly just, Whatever I shall think.
54943MACDUFFBleed, bleed, poor country! Great tyranny! lay thou thy basis sure, For goodness dare not cheque thee: wear thou thy wrongs; The title is affeer'd! Fare thee well, lord: I would not be the villain that thou think'st For the whole space that's in the tyrant's grasp, And the rich East to boot.
55043MALCOLMBe not offended: I speak not as in absolute fear of you. I think our country sinks beneath the yoke; It weeps, it bleeds; and each new day a gash Is added to her wounds: I think withal There would be hands uplifted in my right; And here from gracious England have I offer Of goodly thousands: but, for all this, When I shall tread upon the tyrant's head, Or wear it on my sword, yet my poor country Shall have more vices than it had before, More suffer and more sundry ways than ever, By him that shall succeed.
55143MACDUFFWhat should he be?
55243MALCOLMIt is myself I mean: in whom I know All the particulars of vice so grafted That, when they shall be open'd, black Macbeth Will seem as pure as snow, and the poor state Esteem him as a lamb, being compared With my confineless harms.
55343MACDUFFNot in the legions Of horrid hell can come a devil more damn'd In evils to top Macbeth.
55443MALCOLMI grant him bloody, Luxurious, avaricious, false, deceitful, Sudden, malicious, smacking of every sin That has a name: but there's no bottom, none, In my voluptuousness: your wives, your daughters, Your matrons and your maids, could not fill up The cistern of my lust, and my desire All continent impediments would o'erbear That did oppose my will: better Macbeth Than such an one to reign.
55543MACDUFFBoundless intemperance In nature is a tyranny; it hath been The untimely emptying of the happy throne And fall of many kings. But fear not yet To take upon you what is yours: you may Convey your pleasures in a spacious plenty, And yet seem cold, the time you may so hoodwink. We have willing dames enough: there cannot be That vulture in you, to devour so many As will to greatness dedicate themselves, Finding it so inclined.
55643MALCOLMWith this there grows In my most ill-composed affection such A stanchless avarice that, were I king, I should cut off the nobles for their lands, Desire his jewels and this other's house: And my more-having would be as a sauce To make me hunger more; that I should forge Quarrels unjust against the good and loyal, Destroying them for wealth.
55743MACDUFFThis avarice Sticks deeper, grows with more pernicious root Than summer-seeming lust, and it hath been The sword of our slain kings: yet do not fear; Scotland hath foisons to fill up your will. Of your mere own: all these are portable, With other graces weigh'd.
55843MALCOLMBut I have none: the king-becoming graces, As justice, verity, temperance, stableness, Bounty, perseverance, mercy, lowliness, Devotion, patience, courage, fortitude, I have no relish of them, but abound In the division of each several crime, Acting it many ways. Nay, had I power, I should Pour the sweet milk of concord into hell, Uproar the universal peace, confound All unity on earth.
55943MACDUFFO Scotland, Scotland!
56043MALCOLMIf such a one be fit to govern, speak: I am as I have spoken.
56143MACDUFFFit to govern! No, not to live. O nation miserable, With an untitled tyrant bloody-scepter'd, When shalt thou see thy wholesome days again, Since that the truest issue of thy throne By his own interdiction stands accursed, And does blaspheme his breed? Thy royal father Was a most sainted king: the queen that bore thee, Oftener upon her knees than on her feet, Died every day she lived. Fare thee well! These evils thou repeat'st upon thyself Have banish'd me from Scotland. O my breast, Thy hope ends here!
56243MALCOLMMacduff, this noble passion, Child of integrity, hath from my soul Wiped the black scruples, reconciled my thoughts To thy good truth and honour. Devilish Macbeth By many of these trains hath sought to win me Into his power, and modest wisdom plucks me From over-credulous haste: but God above Deal between thee and me! for even now I put myself to thy direction, and Unspeak mine own detraction, here abjure The taints and blames I laid upon myself, For strangers to my nature. I am yet Unknown to woman, never was forsworn, Scarcely have coveted what was mine own, At no time broke my faith, would not betray The devil to his fellow and delight No less in truth than life: my first false speaking Was this upon myself: what I am truly, Is thine and my poor country's to command: Whither indeed, before thy here-approach, Old Siward, with ten thousand warlike men, Already at a point, was setting forth. Now we'll together; and the chance of goodness Be like our warranted quarrel! Why are you silent?
56343MACDUFFSuch welcome and unwelcome things at once 'Tis hard to reconcile.
564(stage directions)43[Enter a Doctor]
56543MALCOLMWell; more anon.--Comes the king forth, I pray you?
56643DOCTORAy, sir; there are a crew of wretched souls That stay his cure: their malady convinces The great assay of art; but at his touch-- Such sanctity hath heaven given his hand-- They presently amend.
56743MALCOLMI thank you, doctor.
568(stage directions)43[Exit Doctor]
56943MACDUFFWhat's the disease he means?
57043MALCOLM'Tis call'd the evil: A most miraculous work in this good king; Which often, since my here-remain in England, I have seen him do. How he solicits heaven, Himself best knows: but strangely-visited people, All swoln and ulcerous, pitiful to the eye, The mere despair of surgery, he cures, Hanging a golden stamp about their necks, Put on with holy prayers: and 'tis spoken, To the succeeding royalty he leaves The healing benediction. With this strange virtue, He hath a heavenly gift of prophecy, And sundry blessings hang about his throne, That speak him full of grace.
571(stage directions)43[Enter ROSS]
57243MACDUFFSee, who comes here?
57343MALCOLMMy countryman; but yet I know him not.
57443MACDUFFMy ever-gentle cousin, welcome hither.
57543MALCOLMI know him now. Good God, betimes remove The means that makes us strangers!
57643ROSSSir, amen.
57743MACDUFFStands Scotland where it did?
57843ROSSAlas, poor country! Almost afraid to know itself. It cannot Be call'd our mother, but our grave; where nothing, But who knows nothing, is once seen to smile; Where sighs and groans and shrieks that rend the air Are made, not mark'd; where violent sorrow seems A modern ecstasy; the dead man's knell Is there scarce ask'd for who; and good men's lives Expire before the flowers in their caps, Dying or ere they sicken.
57943MACDUFFO, relation Too nice, and yet too true!
58043MALCOLMWhat's the newest grief?
58143ROSSThat of an hour's age doth hiss the speaker: Each minute teems a new one.
58243MACDUFFHow does my wife?
58343ROSSWhy, well.
58443MACDUFFAnd all my children?
58543ROSSWell too.
58643MACDUFFThe tyrant has not batter'd at their peace?
58743ROSSNo; they were well at peace when I did leave 'em.
58843MACDUFFBut not a niggard of your speech: how goes't?
58943ROSSWhen I came hither to transport the tidings, Which I have heavily borne, there ran a rumour Of many worthy fellows that were out; Which was to my belief witness'd the rather, For that I saw the tyrant's power a-foot: Now is the time of help; your eye in Scotland Would create soldiers, make our women fight, To doff their dire distresses.
59043MALCOLMBe't their comfort We are coming thither: gracious England hath Lent us good Siward and ten thousand men; An older and a better soldier none That Christendom gives out.
59143ROSSWould I could answer This comfort with the like! But I have words That would be howl'd out in the desert air, Where hearing should not latch them.
59243MACDUFFWhat concern they? The general cause? or is it a fee-grief Due to some single breast?
59343ROSSNo mind that's honest But in it shares some woe; though the main part Pertains to you alone.
59443MACDUFFIf it be mine, Keep it not from me, quickly let me have it.
59543ROSSLet not your ears despise my tongue for ever, Which shall possess them with the heaviest sound That ever yet they heard.
59643MACDUFFHum! I guess at it.
59743ROSSYour castle is surprised; your wife and babes Savagely slaughter'd: to relate the manner, Were, on the quarry of these murder'd deer, To add the death of you.
59843MALCOLMMerciful heaven! What, man! ne'er pull your hat upon your brows; Give sorrow words: the grief that does not speak Whispers the o'er-fraught heart and bids it break.
59943MACDUFFMy children too?
60043ROSSWife, children, servants, all That could be found.
60143MACDUFFAnd I must be from thence! My wife kill'd too?
60243ROSSI have said.
60343MALCOLMBe comforted: Let's make us medicines of our great revenge, To cure this deadly grief.
60443MACDUFFHe has no children. All my pretty ones? Did you say all? O hell-kite! All? What, all my pretty chickens and their dam At one fell swoop?
60543MALCOLMDispute it like a man.
60643MACDUFFI shall do so; But I must also feel it as a man: I cannot but remember such things were, That were most precious to me. Did heaven look on, And would not take their part? Sinful Macduff, They were all struck for thee! naught that I am, Not for their own demerits, but for mine, Fell slaughter on their souls. Heaven rest them now!
60743MALCOLMBe this the whetstone of your sword: let grief Convert to anger; blunt not the heart, enrage it.
60843MACDUFFO, I could play the woman with mine eyes And braggart with my tongue! But, gentle heavens, Cut short all intermission; front to front Bring thou this fiend of Scotland and myself; Within my sword's length set him; if he 'scape, Heaven forgive him too!
60943MALCOLMThis tune goes manly. Come, go we to the king; our power is ready; Our lack is nothing but our leave; Macbeth Is ripe for shaking, and the powers above Put on their instruments. Receive what cheer you may: The night is long that never finds the day.
610(stage directions)43[Exeunt]
611(stage directions)51[Enter a Doctor of Physic and a Waiting-Gentlewoman]
61251DOCTORI have two nights watched with you, but can perceive no truth in your report. When was it she last walked?
61351GENTLEWOMANSince his majesty went into the field, I have seen her rise from her bed, throw her night-gown upon her, unlock her closet, take forth paper, fold it, write upon't, read it, afterwards seal it, and again return to bed; yet all this while in a most fast sleep.
61451DOCTORA great perturbation in nature, to receive at once the benefit of sleep, and do the effects of watching! In this slumbery agitation, besides her walking and other actual performances, what, at any time, have you heard her say?
61551GENTLEWOMANThat, sir, which I will not report after her.
61651DOCTORYou may to me: and 'tis most meet you should.
61751GENTLEWOMANNeither to you nor any one; having no witness to confirm my speech. [Enter LADY MACBETH, with a taper] Lo you, here she comes! This is her very guise; and, upon my life, fast asleep. Observe her; stand close.
61851DOCTORHow came she by that light?
61951GENTLEWOMANWhy, it stood by her: she has light by her continually; 'tis her command.
62051DOCTORYou see, her eyes are open.
62151GENTLEWOMANAy, but their sense is shut.
62251DOCTORWhat is it she does now? Look, how she rubs her hands.
62351GENTLEWOMANIt is an accustomed action with her, to seem thus washing her hands: I have known her continue in this a quarter of an hour.
62451LADY MACBETHYet here's a spot.
62551DOCTORHark! she speaks: I will set down what comes from her, to satisfy my remembrance the more strongly.
62651LADY MACBETHOut, damned spot! out, I say!--One: two: why, then, 'tis time to do't.--Hell is murky!--Fie, my lord, fie! a soldier, and afeard? What need we fear who knows it, when none can call our power to account?--Yet who would have thought the old man to have had so much blood in him.
62751DOCTORDo you mark that?
62851LADY MACBETHThe thane of Fife had a wife: where is she now?-- What, will these hands ne'er be clean?--No more o' that, my lord, no more o' that: you mar all with this starting.
62951DOCTORGo to, go to; you have known what you should not.
63051GENTLEWOMANShe has spoke what she should not, I am sure of that: heaven knows what she has known.
63151LADY MACBETHHere's the smell of the blood still: all the perfumes of Arabia will not sweeten this little hand. Oh, oh, oh!
63251DOCTORWhat a sigh is there! The heart is sorely charged.
63351GENTLEWOMANI would not have such a heart in my bosom for the dignity of the whole body.
63451DOCTORWell, well, well,--
63551GENTLEWOMANPray God it be, sir.
63651DOCTORThis disease is beyond my practise: yet I have known those which have walked in their sleep who have died holily in their beds.
63751LADY MACBETHWash your hands, put on your nightgown; look not so pale.--I tell you yet again, Banquo's buried; he cannot come out on's grave.
63851DOCTOREven so?
63951LADY MACBETHTo bed, to bed! there's knocking at the gate: come, come, come, come, give me your hand. What's done cannot be undone.--To bed, to bed, to bed!
640(stage directions)51[Exit]
64151DOCTORWill she go now to bed?
64251GENTLEWOMANDirectly.
64351DOCTORFoul whisperings are abroad: unnatural deeds Do breed unnatural troubles: infected minds To their deaf pillows will discharge their secrets: More needs she the divine than the physician. God, God forgive us all! Look after her; Remove from her the means of all annoyance, And still keep eyes upon her. So, good night: My mind she has mated, and amazed my sight. I think, but dare not speak.
64451GENTLEWOMANGood night, good doctor.
645(stage directions)51[Exeunt] [Drum and colours. Enter MENTEITH, CAITHNESS, ANGUS,] LENNOX, and Soldiers]
64652MENTEITHThe English power is near, led on by Malcolm, His uncle Siward and the good Macduff: Revenges burn in them; for their dear causes Would to the bleeding and the grim alarm Excite the mortified man.
64752ANGUSNear Birnam wood Shall we well meet them; that way are they coming.
64852CAITHNESSWho knows if Donalbain be with his brother?
64952LENNOXFor certain, sir, he is not: I have a file Of all the gentry: there is Siward's son, And many unrough youths that even now Protest their first of manhood.
65052MENTEITHWhat does the tyrant?
65152CAITHNESSGreat Dunsinane he strongly fortifies: Some say he's mad; others that lesser hate him Do call it valiant fury: but, for certain, He cannot buckle his distemper'd cause Within the belt of rule.
65252ANGUSNow does he feel His secret murders sticking on his hands; Now minutely revolts upbraid his faith-breach; Those he commands move only in command, Nothing in love: now does he feel his title Hang loose about him, like a giant's robe Upon a dwarfish thief.
65352MENTEITHWho then shall blame His pester'd senses to recoil and start, When all that is within him does condemn Itself for being there?
65452CAITHNESSWell, march we on, To give obedience where 'tis truly owed: Meet we the medicine of the sickly weal, And with him pour we in our country's purge Each drop of us.
65552LENNOXOr so much as it needs, To dew the sovereign flower and drown the weeds. Make we our march towards Birnam.
656(stage directions)52[Exeunt, marching]
657(stage directions)53[Enter MACBETH, Doctor, and Attendants]
65853MACBETHBring me no more reports; let them fly all: Till Birnam wood remove to Dunsinane, I cannot taint with fear. What's the boy Malcolm? Was he not born of woman? The spirits that know All mortal consequences have pronounced me thus: 'Fear not, Macbeth; no man that's born of woman Shall e'er have power upon thee.' Then fly, false thanes, And mingle with the English epicures: The mind I sway by and the heart I bear Shall never sag with doubt nor shake with fear. [Enter a Servant] The devil damn thee black, thou cream-faced loon! Where got'st thou that goose look?
65953SERVANTThere is ten thousand--
66053MACBETHGeese, villain!
66153SERVANTSoldiers, sir.
66253MACBETHGo prick thy face, and over-red thy fear, Thou lily-liver'd boy. What soldiers, patch? Death of thy soul! those linen cheeks of thine Are counsellors to fear. What soldiers, whey-face?
66353SERVANTThe English force, so please you.
66453MACBETHTake thy face hence. [Exit Servant] Seyton!--I am sick at heart, When I behold--Seyton, I say!--This push Will cheer me ever, or disseat me now. I have lived long enough: my way of life Is fall'n into the sear, the yellow leaf; And that which should accompany old age, As honour, love, obedience, troops of friends, I must not look to have; but, in their stead, Curses, not loud but deep, mouth-honour, breath, Which the poor heart would fain deny, and dare not. Seyton!
665(stage directions)53[Enter SEYTON]
66653SEYTONWhat is your gracious pleasure?
66753MACBETHWhat news more?
66853SEYTONAll is confirm'd, my lord, which was reported.
66953MACBETHI'll fight till from my bones my flesh be hack'd. Give me my armour.
67053SEYTON'Tis not needed yet.
67153MACBETHI'll put it on. Send out more horses; skirr the country round; Hang those that talk of fear. Give me mine armour. How does your patient, doctor?
67253DOCTORNot so sick, my lord, As she is troubled with thick coming fancies, That keep her from her rest.
67353MACBETHCure her of that. Canst thou not minister to a mind diseased, Pluck from the memory a rooted sorrow, Raze out the written troubles of the brain And with some sweet oblivious antidote Cleanse the stuff'd bosom of that perilous stuff Which weighs upon the heart?
67453DOCTORTherein the patient Must minister to himself.
67553MACBETHThrow physic to the dogs; I'll none of it. Come, put mine armour on; give me my staff. Seyton, send out. Doctor, the thanes fly from me. Come, sir, dispatch. If thou couldst, doctor, cast The water of my land, find her disease, And purge it to a sound and pristine health, I would applaud thee to the very echo, That should applaud again.--Pull't off, I say.-- What rhubarb, cyme, or what purgative drug, Would scour these English hence? Hear'st thou of them?
67653DOCTORAy, my good lord; your royal preparation Makes us hear something.
67753MACBETHBring it after me. I will not be afraid of death and bane, Till Birnam forest come to Dunsinane.
67853DOCTOR[Aside] Were I from Dunsinane away and clear, Profit again should hardly draw me here.
679(stage directions)53[Exeunt] [Drum and colours. Enter MALCOLM, SIWARD and YOUNG] SIWARD, MACDUFF, MENTEITH, CAITHNESS, ANGUS, LENNOX, ROSS, and Soldiers, marching]
68054MALCOLMCousins, I hope the days are near at hand That chambers will be safe.
68154MENTEITHWe doubt it nothing.
68254SIWARDWhat wood is this before us?
68354MENTEITHThe wood of Birnam.
68454MALCOLMLet every soldier hew him down a bough And bear't before him: thereby shall we shadow The numbers of our host and make discovery Err in report of us.
68554SOLDIERSIt shall be done.
68654SIWARDWe learn no other but the confident tyrant Keeps still in Dunsinane, and will endure Our setting down before 't.
68754MALCOLM'Tis his main hope: For where there is advantage to be given, Both more and less have given him the revolt, And none serve with him but constrained things Whose hearts are absent too.
68854MACDUFFLet our just censures Attend the true event, and put we on Industrious soldiership.
68954SIWARDThe time approaches That will with due decision make us know What we shall say we have and what we owe. Thoughts speculative their unsure hopes relate, But certain issue strokes must arbitrate: Towards which advance the war.
690(stage directions)54[Exeunt, marching]
691(stage directions)55[Enter MACBETH, SEYTON, and Soldiers, with drum and colours]
69255MACBETHHang out our banners on the outward walls; The cry is still 'They come:' our castle's strength Will laugh a siege to scorn: here let them lie Till famine and the ague eat them up: Were they not forced with those that should be ours, We might have met them dareful, beard to beard, And beat them backward home. [A cry of women within] What is that noise?
69355SEYTONIt is the cry of women, my good lord.
694(stage directions)55[Exit]
69555MACBETHI have almost forgot the taste of fears; The time has been, my senses would have cool'd To hear a night-shriek; and my fell of hair Would at a dismal treatise rouse and stir As life were in't: I have supp'd full with horrors; Direness, familiar to my slaughterous thoughts Cannot once start me. [Re-enter SEYTON] Wherefore was that cry?
69655SEYTONThe queen, my lord, is dead.
69755MACBETHShe should have died hereafter; There would have been a time for such a word. To-morrow, and to-morrow, and to-morrow, Creeps in this petty pace from day to day To the last syllable of recorded time, And all our yesterdays have lighted fools The way to dusty death. Out, out, brief candle! Life's but a walking shadow, a poor player That struts and frets his hour upon the stage And then is heard no more: it is a tale Told by an idiot, full of sound and fury, Signifying nothing. [Enter a Messenger] Thou comest to use thy tongue; thy story quickly.
69855MESSENGERGracious my lord, I should report that which I say I saw, But know not how to do it.
69955MACBETHWell, say, sir.
70055MESSENGERAs I did stand my watch upon the hill, I look'd toward Birnam, and anon, methought, The wood began to move.
70155MACBETHLiar and slave!
70255MESSENGERLet me endure your wrath, if't be not so: Within this three mile may you see it coming; I say, a moving grove.
70355MACBETHIf thou speak'st false, Upon the next tree shalt thou hang alive, Till famine cling thee: if thy speech be sooth, I care not if thou dost for me as much. I pull in resolution, and begin To doubt the equivocation of the fiend That lies like truth: 'Fear not, till Birnam wood Do come to Dunsinane:' and now a wood Comes toward Dunsinane. Arm, arm, and out! If this which he avouches does appear, There is nor flying hence nor tarrying here. I gin to be aweary of the sun, And wish the estate o' the world were now undone. Ring the alarum-bell! Blow, wind! come, wrack! At least we'll die with harness on our back.
704(stage directions)55[Exeunt] [Drum and colours. Enter MALCOLM, SIWARD, MACDUFF,] and their Army, with boughs]
70556MALCOLMNow near enough: your leafy screens throw down. And show like those you are. You, worthy uncle, Shall, with my cousin, your right-noble son, Lead our first battle: worthy Macduff and we Shall take upon 's what else remains to do, According to our order.
70656SIWARDFare you well. Do we but find the tyrant's power to-night, Let us be beaten, if we cannot fight.
70756MACDUFFMake all our trumpets speak; give them all breath, Those clamorous harbingers of blood and death.
708(stage directions)56[Exeunt]
709(stage directions)57[Alarums. Enter MACBETH]
71057MACBETHThey have tied me to a stake; I cannot fly, But, bear-like, I must fight the course. What's he That was not born of woman? Such a one Am I to fear, or none.
711(stage directions)57[Enter YOUNG SIWARD]
71257YOUNG SIWARDWhat is thy name?
71357MACBETHThou'lt be afraid to hear it.
71457YOUNG SIWARDNo; though thou call'st thyself a hotter name Than any is in hell.
71557MACBETHMy name's Macbeth.
71657YOUNG SIWARDThe devil himself could not pronounce a title More hateful to mine ear.
71757MACBETHNo, nor more fearful.
71857YOUNG SIWARDThou liest, abhorred tyrant; with my sword I'll prove the lie thou speak'st.
719(stage directions)57[They fight and YOUNG SIWARD is slain]
72057MACBETHThou wast born of woman But swords I smile at, weapons laugh to scorn, Brandish'd by man that's of a woman born.
721(stage directions)57[Exit]
722(stage directions)57[Alarums. Enter MACDUFF]
72357MACDUFFThat way the noise is. Tyrant, show thy face! If thou be'st slain and with no stroke of mine, My wife and children's ghosts will haunt me still. I cannot strike at wretched kerns, whose arms Are hired to bear their staves: either thou, Macbeth, Or else my sword with an unbatter'd edge I sheathe again undeeded. There thou shouldst be; By this great clatter, one of greatest note Seems bruited. Let me find him, fortune! And more I beg not.
724(stage directions)57[Exit. Alarums]
725(stage directions)57[Enter MALCOLM and SIWARD]
72657SIWARDThis way, my lord; the castle's gently render'd: The tyrant's people on both sides do fight; The noble thanes do bravely in the war; The day almost itself professes yours, And little is to do.
72757MALCOLMWe have met with foes That strike beside us.
72857SIWARDEnter, sir, the castle.
729(stage directions)57[Exeunt. Alarums]
730(stage directions)58[Enter MACBETH]
73158MACBETHWhy should I play the Roman fool, and die On mine own sword? whiles I see lives, the gashes Do better upon them.
732(stage directions)58[Enter MACDUFF]
73358MACDUFFTurn, hell-hound, turn!
73458MACBETHOf all men else I have avoided thee: But get thee back; my soul is too much charged With blood of thine already.
73558MACDUFFI have no words: My voice is in my sword: thou bloodier villain Than terms can give thee out!
736(stage directions)58[They fight]
73758MACBETHThou losest labour: As easy mayst thou the intrenchant air With thy keen sword impress as make me bleed: Let fall thy blade on vulnerable crests; I bear a charmed life, which must not yield, To one of woman born.
73858MACDUFFDespair thy charm; And let the angel whom thou still hast served Tell thee, Macduff was from his mother's womb Untimely ripp'd.
73958MACBETHAccursed be that tongue that tells me so, For it hath cow'd my better part of man! And be these juggling fiends no more believed, That palter with us in a double sense; That keep the word of promise to our ear, And break it to our hope. I'll not fight with thee.
74058MACDUFFThen yield thee, coward, And live to be the show and gaze o' the time: We'll have thee, as our rarer monsters are, Painted on a pole, and underwrit, 'Here may you see the tyrant.'
74158MACBETHI will not yield, To kiss the ground before young Malcolm's feet, And to be baited with the rabble's curse. Though Birnam wood be come to Dunsinane, And thou opposed, being of no woman born, Yet I will try the last. Before my body I throw my warlike shield. Lay on, Macduff, And damn'd be him that first cries, 'Hold, enough!' [Exeunt, fighting. Alarums] [Retreat. Flourish. Enter, with drum and colours,] MALCOLM, SIWARD, ROSS, the other Thanes, and Soldiers]
74258MALCOLMI would the friends we miss were safe arrived.
74358SIWARDSome must go off: and yet, by these I see, So great a day as this is cheaply bought.
74458MALCOLMMacduff is missing, and your noble son.
74558ROSSYour son, my lord, has paid a soldier's debt: He only lived but till he was a man; The which no sooner had his prowess confirm'd In the unshrinking station where he fought, But like a man he died.
74658SIWARDThen he is dead?
74758ROSSAy, and brought off the field: your cause of sorrow Must not be measured by his worth, for then It hath no end.
74858SIWARDHad he his hurts before?
74958ROSSAy, on the front.
75058SIWARDWhy then, God's soldier be he! Had I as many sons as I have hairs, I would not wish them to a fairer death: And so, his knell is knoll'd.
75158MALCOLMHe's worth more sorrow, And that I'll spend for him.
75258SIWARDHe's worth no more They say he parted well, and paid his score: And so, God be with him! Here comes newer comfort.
753(stage directions)58[Re-enter MACDUFF, with MACBETH's head]
75458MACDUFFHail, king! for so thou art: behold, where stands The usurper's cursed head: the time is free: I see thee compass'd with thy kingdom's pearl, That speak my salutation in their minds; Whose voices I desire aloud with mine: Hail, King of Scotland!
75558ALLHail, King of Scotland!
756(stage directions)58[Flourish]
75758MALCOLMWe shall not spend a large expense of time Before we reckon with your several loves, And make us even with you. My thanes and kinsmen, Henceforth be earls, the first that ever Scotland In such an honour named. What's more to do, Which would be planted newly with the time, As calling home our exiled friends abroad That fled the snares of watchful tyranny; Producing forth the cruel ministers Of this dead butcher and his fiend-like queen, Who, as 'tis thought, by self and violent hands Took off her life; this, and what needful else That calls upon us, by the grace of Grace, We will perform in measure, time and place: So, thanks to all at once and to each one, Whom we invite to see us crown'd at Scone.
758(stage directions)58[Flourish. Exeunt]


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